Where are micronations founded?
The world's oldest and longest living micronation was probably the Indian princely state of Pudukkottai (1680–1948). The kingdom eventually acceded to the independent Dominion of India in August 1947, and merged with the Madras state in the following year. Rajagopala Tondaiman, ninth and last ruler of the princely state of Pudukkottai, died in 1997 at the age of 75.
The oldest extant micronation to arise in modern times is the Kingdom of Redonda. It was founded in 1865 in the Caribbean, and failed to establish itself as a real country, but has nonetheless survived to this day, although not without controversy, as there are presently at least four competing claimants to the Redondan throne.
Once upon a time, micronations arose primarily in areas where historical anomalies were present. In the 1960s and 1970s a few historical anomalies continued to flourish, sometimes micronations in the form of towns that desired to attract greater tourism revenue, but also new-country projects started arising.
Micronationalism shed much of its anti-establishment mantle and took on a distinctly hobbyist perspective in the mid-1990s, when the emerging popularity of the Internet made it possible to create and promote state-like entities with relative ease.
Today, even micronations born as territorial historical anomalies still build an Internet presence in order to attract a greater number of tourists.
One micronation in particular, the United Micronations Multi-Oceanic Archipelago (UMMOA), doesn't just exist on the Internet, but actually runs its own Internet, the Cesidian Root, and this reality is even recognised by a new IGO.